horse gin by Ron Layters a replica winding engine at the Mapie Mine in the Peak District, with the mine buildings in the distance.

Having dug a mine shaft you need a method to haul out the ore that you are mining. Firstly this was done using hand windlasses, sometimes called wallowers. As the mine got deeper winding these winches got harder and harder and so the cog and rung horse gin was invented. The wallower was turned by means of a wooden gear mechanism, driven by a horse. A double ended rope, each end being attached to a basket, was used for lifting the ore. One basket descended as the other ascended…


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